The Cozumel Thrasher


Natural history

Status & sightings



Cozumel island

Cozumel birds

Cozumel links


About this site  

Created by Robert L. Curry

Last modified: 06 Jun 2010


Threats to the Cozumel Thrasher

Possible conservation threats to Toxostoma guttatum include:
  • Habitat destruction associated with hurricanes, especially Gilbert (severe damage, 14 September 1988) and Roxanne (10-11 October 1995)

  • Introduced predators, especially Boa constrictor (boa snakes)

    Boas introduced on Cozumel in 1971; released by commercial movie crew at termination of film project.

    Now abundant throughout Cozumel. Young boas are strongly arboreal and are a known predator of birds.

    Photographs from Cozumel
    © Robert L. Curry

    Research on Cozumel's boas is currently being conducted by Cristopher Gonzalez-Baca and Alfredo Cuarón of the Departamento de Ecología de los Recursos Naturales, Instituto do Ecología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Morelia, Michoacán

  • Human development & associated land-use change (fragmentation, degradation)

  • Introduced diseases

References about conservation threats to Cozumel's vertebrates:

Cuarón, A. D., M. A. Martínez-Morales, K. W. McFadden, D. Valenzuela, and M. E. Gompper. 2004. The status of dwarf carnivores on Cozumel Island, Mexico. Biodiversity and Conservation 13:317-331 (pdf reprint)

Martínez-Morales, M. A., and A. D. Cuarón. 1999. Boa constrictor, an introduced predator threatening the endemic fauna on Cozumel Island, Mexico. Biodiversity and Conservation 8:957-963 (abstract)

Macouzet F., T., and P. Escalante Pliego. 2001. Registros del Cuitlacoche de Cozumel Toxostoma guttatum posteriores al Huracán Gilberto. Cotinga 15: 32-33